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“Free At Last!” by Michael Stutz. Reading Comprehension (8th Form)

Directions: In this Test you will read a text. The text is followed by 5 tasks. You should do the tasks following a text on the basis of what is stated or implied in that text. For each task you will choose the best possible answer from four possible answers (A, B, C, or D). Choose the best answer and mark the letter of your choice.

Text: From “Free At Last!” by Michael Stutz.


  • caveatклопотання, застереження, попередження

Move over Coke (and Pepsi), there’s a new player in the cola wars. Meet OpenCola. Okay, that may be a bit of an overstatement, but the new soft drink is different from others in one key respect: It’s the world’s first “open-source” consumer product, writes Graham Lawton in the British magazine New Scientist (Feb. 2, 2002). While Coca-Cola and Pepsi guard their secret formulas, the makers of OpenCola give their recipe away on their Web site. Not only that, they encourage people to make the stuff at home, and to modify and improve the recipe at will. There’s one caveat: The modified formulas must also be freely available to the public. Why? Because as the open-source argument goes, if you let your customer play with the formula for your product, whether it’s software code or a soft drink recipe, they’ll find and fix flaws. And they will do it quicker and cheaper, and think up more creative improvements, than you ever could on your own, even with a huge R&D (Research and Development) budget and a team of engineers. In the end, everybody benefits from better software or better cola, as the case may be.

Questions 1 – 5 refer to Text. Circle A, B, C, or D.

1, OpenCola is a kind of:

a) soft drink;

b) software;

c) fruit juice;

d) soft ice cream.

2. The list of ingredients for OpenCola is:

a) available to people who pay for it;

b) a heavily guarded secret;

c) free to anyone who wants it;

d) all natural.

3. The recipe for OpenCola is found on:

a) the bottom of all their bottles;

b) billboards across Europe;

c) the Internet;

d) packages of sugar.

4. The creators of OpenCola:

a) encourage people to make it by themselves;

b) discourage people from making it at home;

c) do not want people to change anything about their product;

d) live in fear of people discovering their recipe.

5. If you let people play with the formula of your product:

a) they will steal money from you;

b) they will find and correct imperfections;

c) they will think of uncreative changes;

d) they will put you out of business.

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